THE SERVICES OF AN ARCHITECT
qualified professional to assist you in translating your building
requirements into practical reality. After five to seven years of
university level education and practical training, an Architectural
Graduate seeks registration with the Board of Architects
Akitek Malaysia). Upon completion of the required practical experience
and upon passing the LAM-PAM 3 Examination, a graduate Architect
PAM as a Corporate member and then seeks registration as an Architect
with LAM. A registered Architect
employed to seek planning and
building approvals from the relevant authorities before a building
project can be implemented. Architects
partnerships or on
their own. No job is too small.
your adviser and confidante regarding your building project. His first
obligation is to look after your interest.
qualified expert in
building and environmental design, the Architect
relationship with the building industry. In his job, he coordinates the
necessary engineering and environmental service to his design so as to
achieve your objectives. With his knowledge about site analysis,
building designs and complex regulations, he can clarify your
requirements in respect of a project, study possible solutions and make
a design proposal. Since the Architect
familiar with building
construction in terms of what materials to use, what problems to look
for on site and which contractors to go to, he can prepare probable
costs and the construction programme in respect of any proposal he puts
forward to you. In this respect, he is acting as your adviser.
your agent when he submits drawings to the local authorities on your
behalf for planning and building approvals. He continues as your agent
when calling for and awarding tenders, contract administration and in
helping to obtain Certificate of Fitness for Occupation.
In administering the
Contract on your behalf, he will still
act as your agent but will do so impartially and with fairness to you
and the Contractor. He will still continue to advise you on your rights
and responsibilities with respect to the Contractor.
services of an Architect
with the right technical skills and experience
for your particular job. Equally important, he or she must be one whom
you can get on with at a personal level.
time and effort from you - start by asking others to recommend an Architect
from their own experience or if there is a building similar
to your project which you like, find out the name of its Architect
After you have determined
the firms that are interested to discuss your project, you might
interview them to evaluate their attitudes and reactions to you, your
project and their abilities and experience. You can request to see
photos and drawings of projects similar to yours and find out the
clients' names so you can take up references. You can enquire about his
designs and philosophy in approaching your project.
fee commitments at the outset. Fees are a percentage of the building
cost for the normal service. The minimum scale of fees that your Architect
may charge is laid down by LAM and is based on many years of
experience of the input required for projects of varying scope and
complexity. It is not in your interest to seek to reduce this fee as it
can only result in reduced service to the detriment of your project.
more information and
details on FEES and SCOPE OF SERVICES you are well advised to consult
the pamphlet "Architects
of Minimum Fees) Rules 1986" available
from PAM. This pamphlet spells out that the fees for "basic
architectural service" are based on the value of the project with a
reducing scale as the building cost increases. The scale stipulates the
minimum fee that an Architect
may charge in
order to be able to provide
a proper service. An Architect
special experience or
charge more than this minimum by prior agreement with his client. For
services additional to the basic "basic architectural service" fees
will be charged either on a time basis or as an agreed lump sum.
THE BUILDING PROCESS
The sequences set out below are
the normal process which should ensure
a high efficiency of design and building with maximum competition for
the construction work.
If speed is vital, your architect will
suggest an accelerated process
in which the builder or contractor is appointed before all the detail
drawings are completed.
Inception and Feasibility
At this stage you will have
decided to build, and having worked out
your initial Design Brief, make sure that the finance is available and
appoint an architect. In a
organisation, you will need to
make sure that only one person has the responsibility for liaison with
could also help
you develop your Design Brief that he or
she will use as the basis for initial design investigation. If the
project is feasible, a detailed survey of the site or existing
buildings may be required before design work proceeds further.
Depending on the scale and
nature of the project, the Architect may
suggest that you also appoint structural, services engineers, and a
quantity surveyor whose fees are supplemental.
Outline Proposals and Sketch Design of Schematics
You will now begin to see how
your building will look like. From a
sketch design prepared for your approval, the design will be developed
so that approximate estimates of costs can be worked out and planning
permission applied for. Planning permission is sometimes known as
Development Order in certain local authorities.
Design Development and Production Information
The design, no longer to be
changed without causing delays, is now
developed in great detail. Specifications (a document that meticulously
describes the standards to which the building must be built and the
materials to be used) and working drawings for the builder are prepared
incorporating details of structure, lighting, air conditioning and
other mechanical services. At this stage, Building Plans approvals will
be sought with other miscellaneous approvals from the authorities.
Tender Documentation and Tender Action
A shortlist of suitable
builders will be drawn up with your approval.
Detailed measurements of all elements in the proposed building are
prepared by the quantity surveyor if one is appointed. The builders
will be invited to cost these to enable them to submit a tender.
The tender will be evaluated
and recommendations will be made to
yourself for decision to award. A contract between you and the builder
can be signed. From here on, the Architect will not
only be looking
after your interest but also making sure that the contract is fairly
5. Project Planning, Operations on Site Completion
While the builder works out his
programme and gets ready to start, you
will need to ensure that the site is ready for possession. Your Architect will
advise you on insurances, signing the contract and other
day to day matters. At stages, the Architect
will certify stage
payments for the builder based on the work completed on site. You as
his employer, are then required to honour these payments to the builder.
On completion of building
works, the Architect
will make sure that you
understand how the building works with assistance of as built drawings
and equipment operating manuals. Any defects are put right after an
agreed period and then the final accounts settled.
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