Interior design is a
multi–faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are
applied within a structure to achieve a built interior environment.
The interior design
process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology, including
research, analysis, and integration of knowledge into the creative
process, whereby the needs and resources of the client are satisfied to
produce an interior space that fulfills the project goals.
An electric wire reel
reused like a center table in a
Rio de Janeiro decoration fair. The reuse of
materials is a very
sustaintable practice that is
rapidly growing among designers in Brazil
There are a wide range of
working conditions and employment opportunities within interior design.
Large and tiny corporations often hire interior designers as employees
on regular working hours. Designers for smaller firms usually work on a
contract or per-job basis. Self-employed designers, which make up 26%
of interior designers,
usually work the most hours. Interior designers often work under stress
to meet deadlines, stay on budget, and meet clients' needs. In some
cases, licensed professionals review the work and sign it before
submitting the design for approval by clients or construction
permitting. The need for licensed review and signature varies by
locality and relevant legislation, and scope of work. Their work tends
to involve a great deal of traveling to visit different locations,
studios, or client's homes and offices. Many interior designers are
employed by larger architecture firms. With the aid of recent
technology, the process of contacting clients and communicating design
alternatives has become easier and requires less travel. Some argue
that virtual makeovers have revolutionized interior design from a
customer perspective, making the design process more interactive and
exciting, in a relatively technological but labor-intensive environment.
Interior design earnings
vary based on employer, number of years with experience, and the
reputation of the individual. For residential projects, self-employed
interior designers usually earn a per-hour fee plus a percentage of the
total cost of furniture, lighting, artwork, and other design elements.
For commercial projects, they may charge per-hour fees, or a flat fee
for the whole project. The median annual earning for wage and salary
interior designers, in the year 2006, was $42,260. The middle 50%
earned between $31,830 and $57,230. The lowest 10 percent earned less
than $24,270, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $78,760..
Aside from these specific numbers, the salary can be a very broad
range. One could start from anywhere around $20,000 per year and
continue up the ladder and end up at $200,000 or more. It is too broad
of an answer to give a direct number, but specialization, which means
focusing on a couple main categories of design rather than focusing on
every aspect, can greatly increase potential for a higher income.
For example, if a person opens a business and decides to specialize in
furniture design and flooring, they will get only clients focusing on
these topics rather than a variety of every type of issue that comes
with designing a home.
A style, or theme, is a
consistent idea used throughout a room to create a feeling of
completeness. Styles are not to be confused with design concepts, or
the higher-level party, which involve a deeper understanding of the
architectural context, the socio-cultural and the programmatic
requirements of the client. These themes often follow period styles.
Examples of this are Louis XV, Louis XVI,
Victorian, Islamic, Feng Shui, International, Mid-Century Modern, Minimalist, English Georgian, Gothic, Indian Mughal, Art Deco, and many more.
The evolution of interior
decoration themes has now grown to include themes not necessarily
consistent with a specific period style allowing the mixing of pieces
from different periods. Each element should contribute to form,
function, or both and maintain a consistent standard of quality and
combine to create the desired design. A designer develops a home
architecture and interior design for a customer that has a style and
theme that the prospective owner likes and mentally connects to. For
the last 10 years, decorators, designers, and architects have been
re-discovering the unique furniture that was developed post-war of the
1950s and the 1960s from new material that were developed for military
applications. Some of the trendsetters include Charles and Ray Eames,
Knoll and Herman Miller. Themes in home design are usually not
overused, but serves as a guideline for designing.
design at Expo Design MAP (2007)
Interior decoration (which
is not to be confused with interior design, as noted above) has become
the subject of television shows. In the United Kingdom (UK), popular
interior decorating programs include 60 Minute Makeover (ITV), Changing
Rooms (BBC) and Selling Houses (Channel 4). Famous interior
designers whose work is featured in these programs include Linda Barker
and Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen. In the United States, the TLC Network aired a popular program called Trading
Spaces, a show based on the UK program Changing Rooms. In
Canada, popular shows include Divine Design with Candice Olsen and
Design Inc., featuring Sarah Richardson. In addition, both Home & Garden Television (HGTV)
and the Discovery Home networks also televise many programs about
interior design and decorating, featuring the works of a variety of
interior designers, decorators and home improvement experts in a myriad
of projects. Fictional interior decorators include the Sugarbaker
sisters on Designing Women and Grace Adler on Will &
There is also another show called "Home MADE". There are two teams and
two houses and whoever has the designed and made the worst room,
according to the judges, is eliminated. Another show on the Style
Network, hosted by Niecy Nash, is Clean House where they re-do messy
homes into themed rooms that the clients would like. Other shows
include Design on a Dime and Designed to Sell and The Decorating
Adventures of Ambrose Price. The show called "Design Star" has become
more popular through the 5 seasons that have already aired. The winners
of this show end up getting their own TV shows, of which are Color
Splash hosted by David Bromstad, Myles of Style
hosted by Kim Myles, Paint-Over!
hosted by Jennifer Bertrand, The Antonio Treatment hosted by Antonio Ballatore, and finally Secrets
from a Stylist hosted by Emily Henderson.
Other early interior decorators:
- Elsie de Wolfe
- Syrie Maugham
- Sybil Colefax
- Dorothy Draper
- Pierre François Léonard Fontaine
Many of the most famous
designers and decorators during the 20th Century had no formal
training. Sister Parish, Mark Hampton, Robert Denning and Vincent
Fourcade, Stephen Chase, Mario Buatta, John Saladino, Kerry Joyce,
Kelly Wearstler, Stéphane Boudin, Georges Geffroy, Emilio Terry, Carlos
de Beistegui, Nina Petronzio, Lorenzo Mongiardino, Billy Baldwin, David
Nightingale Hicks, Barbara Barry, Jeanine Naviaux, Michael Smith and
many others were trend-setting innovators in the worlds of design and
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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